Palm sugar, made from the sap of certain Borassus palms, is used to sweeten dishes while lime and tamarind contribute sour notes. Like a complex musical chord it's got to have a smooth surface but it doesn't matter what's happening underneath.
About our cuisine
Thai meals typically consist of rice (khao in Thai) with many complementary dishes shared by all. Tables and chairs were introduced as part of a broader Westernization drive during the reign of King Mongkut, Rama IV. The plain rice, sticky rice or the khanom chin (Thai rice noodles) served alongside a spicy Thai curry or stir-fry, tends to counteract the spiciness. Khanom chin is fresh rice vermicelli made from fermented rice, and eaten with spicy curries such as green chicken curry (khanom chin kaeng khiao wan kai) or with salads such as som tam. Non-glutinous rice (Oryza sativa) is called khao chao (lit.